Mortar bombs hit the south-west Damascus suburb of Daraya, where the Alawite army launched a military offensive on Monday to retake the battered district. The Alawite air force also pounded Damascus's eastern suburbs.
In the central city of Homs, shells landed on the Old City neighborhoods early on Tuesday. The Old City was under siege. There was shelling from all sides.
Homs lies on the strategic north-south highway and parts of the ancient city have been leveled by Assad's troops during months of clashes.
127 Muslims martyred from Alawites on the final day of 2012. At least 37 murderous Assad's soldiers were eliminated by courageous Syrian Mujahideen.